Objectives

The main goal of the project is to generate prevention and control approaches against water-borne cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis, on the basis of the identification of sources of the water origin Cryptosporidiumand Giardia infection and the precise identification of the parasite at species and/or genotype, subtype and assemblage level. Recognising the importance of the emerging water-borne cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis, and the need for more information on the risks that it poses for both human and animals, three main objectives were established:

  • The first major objective in the framework of this project is to provide valuable data on the occurrence ofCryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts in natural surface water samples (raw water) from selected sampling sites in Western Romania.
  • The second major objective is to determine the potential impact of water-borne Cryptosporidium and Giardiaon animal and public health on the basis of:

- setting the contamination level of natural surface waters with Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts;
- characterization of the genetic structure of Cryptosporidium and Giardia isolates from water in order to distinguish anthroponotic parasites from zoonotic parasites;
- a comprehensive understanding of Cryptosporidium and Giardia circulation in surface waters;

  • The third major objective of this project is to develop and to implement of effective control strategies in water-borne cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis supported by the establishment of the effective communication networks between the multidisciplinary team of the project, water authorities, health departments including veterinarians, public health officials and health care practitioners and laboratories or research teams in the field located in other European countries.

This last objective constitute one of the most original aspects of the project.